Welcome to the Avida CBD Hemp Glossary, your resource for understanding the diverse world of Hemp.
Our hemp glossary is curated to provide clear explanations of the various terms used in the hemp industry. Our Glossary is designed to be your #1 resource to navigate the complexities of hemp terminology with ease.
From understanding the legal limits of THC to understanding what CBD Decarboxylation means and everything in between, our glossary covers a wide spectrum, ensuring you have a source for all your hemp-related questions.
The information shared in this post is for informational purposes only and should not be considered as a replacement for professional medical advice. The statements made on this article regarding CBD have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The efficacy of CBD has not been confirmed by FDA-approved research. CBD is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Consult your doctor before using CBD, especially if you have any medical conditions. Your doctor can help determine if CBD is right for you.
0.3% THC Limit
0.3% is the legal limit for THC levels in hemp plants and CBD products. This trace amount of THC is far too low to produce intoxicating effects, which is why hemp-derived CBD products are considered non-psychoactive under federal law.
2-AG is an endocannabinoid that is produced by the endocannabinoid system within the human body. This endocannabinoid interacts with CB1 and CB2 receptors to regulate a variety of physiological processes and support a state of homeostasis.
2018 Farm Bill
The 2018 Farm Bill legalized the cultivation, processing, and sale of hemp and hemp-derived products with THC levels at or below 0.3%.
Aeroponics is a cultivation method that involves growing hemp plants without soil. In aeroponic growing, plants’ roots are exposed above ground and continually misted with nutrient water. This method maximizes oxygen intake, reduces stressors, and can result in cleaner, higher-quality products.
During alcohol extraction, processors soak hemp biomass in solvents, such as ethyl or isopropyl alcohol, to dissolve and extract the most desirable components of the hemp plant. The solvent used is then evaporated, leaving a concentrated cannabis extract behind.
Anandamide is an endocannabinoid that regulates various physiological processes, including mood, sleep, appetite, and stress. It is produced within the human body and interacts with the endocannabinoid system.
Biphasic refers to the effects of substances that produce different results at higher doses than they do at lower concentrations. For example, CBD can have different effects at varying dosage levels.
Broad-spectrum formulations combine CBD with the minor cannabinoids and terpenes found in hemp while eliminating the trace amounts of THC found in full-spectrum formulations. These formulations offer a preferable alternative to isolates.
Cannabinoids are naturally-occurring compounds synthesized by the hemp plant in response to heat and light. They include well-known compounds like CBD, as well as “minor” cannabinoids such as CBG, CBN, and CBC. Cannabinoids are responsible for the effects and benefits of CBD products.
Concentrates are the most potent form of CBD products and distill all of the most desirable components of the hemp plant, including CBD, minor cannabinoids, and terpenes, into various forms, including isolate, wax, shatter, oil, and distillate.
Decarboxylation is the process by which CBD products are created. It involves heating raw hemp plants to turn raw, acidic precursors to CBD, such as CBDA and CBGA, into compounds like CBD and CBG. This process optimizes the efficacy of naturally-occurring hemp compounds.
CBD distillate is a form of CBD concentrate that harnesses CBD in its purest, most refined, and most potent state. It may contain minor cannabinoids and naturally-occurring hemp terpenes, with trace amounts of THC at or below the legal limit of 0.3% in full-spectrum distillate.
Certificate of Analysis (COA)
A CoA is a document from a third-party laboratory that specifies the levels of cannabinoids and terpenes found in any given hemp product while verifying that the product is free of contaminants, pesticides, heavy metals, and other unsafe residuals.
Chlorophyll is a green pigment found in plants that plays a critical role in photosynthesis and can affect the taste and color of CBD oil. Some processing methods remove chlorophyll to improve product flavor.
Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency
Researchers have theorized that some individuals may suffer from clinical endocannabinoid deficiency (CED), which could be responsible for various health issues that CBD may address. CED is hypothesized to occur when the endocannabinoid system fails to produce enough endocannabinoids to maintain homeostasis.
In closed-loop extraction, the extraction process takes place within a sealed system where solvents used are constantly recaptured and reused, rather than being released into the atmosphere. This method is environmentally friendly and used to extract various compounds, including CBD.
CO2 extraction is a preferred method for extracting cannabinoids and terpenes from the hemp plant. It utilizes carbon dioxide under high pressure and temperature to extract materials such as cannabinoids and terpenes from hemp biomass, resulting in clean, pure products.
Cold-Pressed CBD Extraction
This extraction method involves withdrawing cannabinoids from hemp biomass without the application of heat. Mechanical pressure is applied to raw hemp plants to release CBD and other cannabis compounds.
Crude Hemp Oil
Crude hemp oil is the initial form of CBD when it is first extracted from the flowers, leaves, and stalks of the hemp plant. It is further refined through various processes to create CBD products.
Dabs are a form of cannabis concentrate that takes the form of a waxy, amber-colored substance. They can be heated and inhaled to achieve the benefits and effects of CBD, along with minor cannabinoids and terpenes.
Dispensaries are legally authorized to sell cannabis products for either medical or recreational purposes. They often have knowledgeable staff who provide product recommendations to customers.
Dosing refers to the amount of CBD consumed per serving, and it is adjusted based on individual needs and the specific CBD product being used.
Dronabinol, Sativex & Nabilone
Sativex is a synthetic, prescription form of CBD FDA-approved for the treatment of seizures and convulsions. Dronabinol is a synthetic, pharmaceutical form of THC used to prevent chemotherapy-related nausea and vomiting, while Nabilone is a THC analog used as an antiemetic and appetite stimulant for individuals with chronic conditions.
Hemp-derived edibles, such as gummies, contain CBD and various other minor cannabinoids. They provide the same benefits as other product formats and are especially effective for managing GI issues.
The endocannabinoid system includes enzymes such as FAAH and MAGL, which are responsible for the degradation of endocannabinoids to regulate cannabinoid signaling and maintain homeostasis.
Endocannabinoids refer to cannabinoids that are produced within the human body, as opposed to exogenous cannabinoids derived from plants.
The “entourage effect” refers to the enhanced effects of full-spectrum CBD products due to the synergistic interplay between CBD, terpenes, and minor cannabinoids naturally occurring alongside one another in the hemp plant.
Extraction processes are used to withdraw cannabinoids and terpenes from raw hemp biomass. After extraction, cannabinoids and terpenes are in the form of crude hemp oil, which is further refined to create CBD products.
Fatty acids, such as linoleic acid, are found in hemp plants and play a crucial role in supporting the activity and benefits of cannabinoids like CBD.
Flavonoids are phytonutrients found in various plants, including hemp. They offer a variety of health benefits and are often present alongside cannabinoids and terpenes in CBD products.
Full Spectrum (Whole Plant)
Full spectrum formulations contain the entire range of cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes naturally found in the hemp plant, including trace amounts of THC at or below 0.3%.
Genetically Modified Organism (GMO)
GMOs have been genetically altered to provide desired traits. Avida CBD products are non-GMO.
Heavy Metals & Pesticides
Heavy metals and pesticides are common contaminants in low-quality CBD products. Third-party lab tests (CoAs) verify the absence of these harmful contaminants in CBD products.
The majority of cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids are concentrated in the hemp plant’s flowers, which are covered by resinous glands rich in cannabis compounds.
Hemp vs. Marijuana
Hemp and marijuana are two distinct varieties of the cannabis plant. Hemp contains CBD and only trace amounts of THC, while marijuana is high in THC and contains minimal CBD.
Hemp seed oil
Hempseed oil does not contain cannabinoids like CBD but is rich in other beneficial compounds such as fatty acids, vitamins, and proteins.
Homeostasis refers to the internal balance that allows the body to maintain equilibrium despite changing external factors. CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid system to help regulate various physiological processes and support homeostasis.
Homogeneity refers to the consistent distribution of cannabinoids and terpenes throughout CBD products, ensuring even dosing and effectiveness.
Hybrid hemp strains contain a balanced ratio of sativa and indica genetics, providing both uplifting and relaxing effects.
Hydroponic growing is an indoor cultivation method in which hemp plants are grown in water without soil. This method improves nutrient access and reduces the risk of contaminants.
Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid Strains
Hemp strains come in three varieties: indica, sativa, and hybrids, each with different effects and properties.
Industrial & Agricultural Hemp
Industrial and agricultural hemp are grown for various purposes, including CBD production. They contain low levels of THC, making them legal to grow under the 2018 Farm Bill.
CBD isolate is a purified CBD extract containing only CBD, without other cannabinoids or terpenes.
MCT oil is a fatty acid from coconut oil used as a base in CBD tinctures to improve bioavailability.
Milligram & Gram
Milligram is one-thousandth of a gram, commonly used to measure CBD dosage.
Milliliters are used to measure liquid, often corresponding to milligrams in CBD tincture dosages.
Milliamps are used to measure vaporizer battery life.
Refers to substances like CBD that do not alter perception or induce intoxicating effects.
Pharmacokinetics & Pharmacodynamics
Pharmacokinetics refer to how CBD is absorbed, distributed, and metabolized in the body, while pharmacodynamics concern CBD’s effects on the body and its relationship with concentration.
Phytonutrients are bioactive compounds found in plants that contribute to their color, flavor, and health benefits. Hemp contains various phytonutrients, including cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and fatty acids.
Plant sterols like B-sitosterol and campesterol are found in hemp and may enhance CBD’s ability to reduce cholesterol and support heart health.
Propylene Glycol (PG) is used in CBD vape oil as a thinning agent to improve vapor flow.
Route of Administration
Route of administration refers to how CBD enters the body, affecting the onset and effects of CBD products.
Sinsemilla refers to the cultivation of female cannabis plants without males to ensure seedless, potent flowers.
Solvents like ethanol or CO2 are used in the extraction process to separate cannabinoids and terpenes from raw plant material.
Terpenes are aromatic compounds found in various plants, including hemp. They enhance the benefits of CBD and contribute their own unique benefits.
Tinctures are liquid hemp extracts combined with an oil base for sublingual administration.
CBD topicals are applied to the skin for localized relief from various issues.
Vegetable glycerin is used in vapes to provide smoother smoke and more efficient delivery.
Vitamin E is an antioxidant known for its skin benefits and is sometimes found in certain cannabis topicals.
Vaporizers heat hemp oil to release compounds for inhalation, providing fast-acting effects.